Melasma - Causes & Treatment


Melasma is a very common skin condition in which brown spots or patches appear on a person's face. Melasma appears much more frequently in women and can be related to pregnancy. Melasma is easily treated, and any dermatologist should be able to help a patient.



Spots of melasma on the face of a woman. Patches of melasma on a woman's face.



Being a very common skin condition, melasma often presents as gray and brown patches, different from your normal skin color or tone. Though not particularly bothersome in most patient cases, some people do experience mild discomfort. Melasma almost always presents on the face, including the following parts:

  • Upper lip
  • Forehead
  • Cheeks
  • The bridge of the nose



Melasma's exact causes remain unknown, but underlying genetic issues may be responsible. Potential triggers are as follows:

  • Hormone changes driven by treatment, pregnancy or birth control
  • Excessive exposure to the sun
  • Individual intolerance to certain skincare products





Melasma cases can be unpredictable, and some patients have observed their melasma disappear on its own, but the majority of patient cases require medical treatment. To avoid aggravation, you should seek professional help. Treatment options may include:

  • Creams
  • Antibiotics
  • Special procedures to remove the affected layers of the skin;

In some cases, due to the complexity of the melasma, the disease may come back over time.  All these reasons justify seeing an experienced dermatologist regularly.




Reducing the triggers of melasma is the key to battling the skin condition successfully. Though an efficient prevention strategy is to seek the professional opinion of a dermatologist, you may take the following actions:

  • Minimize any sun exposure
  • Make sure to apply sunscreen
  • Keep your face in the shade of a wide-brimmed hat
Our dermatologists can treat a wide variety of skin, hair and nail conditions through SkyMD®. Common conditions that can be diagnosed and treated through our online platform include but are not limited to:

Our Providers

Dr. Tatyana Yetto
Dr. Tatyana Yetto
10+ years of experience
since November, 2019 with SkyMD
Meredith Hays
Meredith Hays
of experience
since July, 2021 with SkyMD
Dr. Matthew Willett
Dr. Matthew Willett
8+ years of experience
since March, 2020 with SkyMD

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