The main type of nail issue is nail fungus. The medical term for this condition is onychomycosis, and it's a fungal infection of the nail. Although onychomycosis refers to both hand and toe nails, onychomycosis is most commonly seen on toenails. The most common culprit is a type of fungus called dermatophytes, but other fungi can also be involved in the infection. You can have fungus on the nail bed, the top layer of the nail, the skin around the nails, or the skin at the base of the nail. Fungal diseases tend to flourish in warm, damp environments, so it often occurs when people have to wear damp shoes or walk around in moist areas. Nail Fungus doesn’t significantly affect one’s daily activities, but the appearance and odor can inflict daily, personal and social discomfort. It might start out as a white or yellow spot on one of your nails. It could make them brittle, and even produce a foul odor. If left untreated, the fungal infection can even affect multiple nails. Although the onychomycosis is difficult to cure because even if treated, nail fungus often comes back. There are many treatments such as home remedies, over the counter medications, topical prescriptions, and oral prescriptions to combat toenail fungus. However, it is important to note that treatment is a long process and one might not see results for many months or a cure for a year. Getting rid of fungus requires long-term dedication and professional help to significantly increase the likelihood of a cure. Nail Fungus can be diagnosed visually by a dermatologist, but sometimes a nail clipping will be sent to a lab to verify the nature of the disease. There are 4 main types of Toenail Fungus:
- Distal subungual onychomycosis (DSO)
- White superficial onychomycosis (WSO)
- Proximal subungual onychomycosis (PSO)
- Candida onychomycosis
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